When do people start thinking about how their faith relates to their work?

I wonder when you first started thinking about how your faith relates to your work?

I remember asking a friend once while talking about an issue he was facing at work and saying: “You really need teach people how you do it?”

“Do what?”

“Integrate your faith with your work?”

He was genuinely surprised, since he thought it was obvious. However, the more I write and work in this area I realise that it is not obvious. It’s actually very difficult.

Partly, that is because we have been enculturated in the Christian world, and at work, to separate out our faith from our work.

However, even once we have leapt across the sacred-secular divide, it may still be difficult.

So, how can people do this better?

In part it is nature, some have a natural gift.

In part it is nurture, it can be learnt (perhaps unlearnt is a more accurate description).

I have done a series of interviews on this subject and here are some of the responses:

For some it was something that was natural:

I always wondered, even as a student studying. I always relied on God, asking what he wanted me to do with my studies. I have always committed my work to God. It was part of my formation as a person. I’ve always seen work and study as part of God’s plan.

For others, it occurred as they were considering career options at school:

I was thinking about courses I could do at university, and which would provide the best opportunity for serving God.

For some, it was a sudden realisation when they hit the workforce:

Once I started working. I was naïve before that, simply focused on study. However, then came a decision point about where to work, and I started praying about it and asking God for a job.

Sometimes the connection comes as a reaction to negative experiences one has received:

I learnt from bad experiences with previous bosses. That negativity was replaced with positivity. It wasn’t just the bad things they did, but things they neglected to do.

Sometimes, it comes with a sudden elevation in responsibility:

When I came to Australia, taking up a senior position, it dawned on me that I did not want to be a Christian in name only, or just not do bad things; but I needed to be proactive. Not just be a nice guy, but helping and caring, empathising, serving others, and not doing things for my own interest and benefit.

However, on the weekend I was at the Nurses Christian Fellowship Australia conference, and it was the first time someone said: a painting! She had been moved by a picture of a nurse at work, with Jesus standing behind her with his hand on her shoulder. In creative form it captures the deep truth that Jesus is with us always, wherever we are, and whatever we are doing. It helped this young nurse to realise that her work is important to God, that Jesus is present in the workplace and that she can worship God through her work.

Faith and Work Integration

Sheryl Anderson.jpg

Sheryl J. Anderson has worked as a writer-producer for television (including Charmed, Flash Gordon, and When Calls the Heart). She has sold pilots to Disney Channel, SyFy, and Lifetime and written several television movies, and was a creative consultant for Canada’s What’s Up, Warthogs! Her essay “What Would Jesus Write?” appears in the book Behind the Screen: Hollywood Insiders on Faith, Film, and Culture

In it she says:

If we want Christ to be seen everywhere, we have to be willing to see him everywhere. We have to be willing to write and to watch stories of redemption, charity, and love, and celebrate the Spirit inherent in them…

I want to write so that the Good News is so entwined in the muscle of what I am writing that it can’t be stripped away, can’t be disregarded… I want to write the way I live—completely integrated, so the Christian flows into the mother, is bound to the wife, is enmeshed with the friend. So you can’t tell where the faith begins and stops because it doesn’t. Because it is continuous and eternal, just like the love that inspires it.

Sheryl Anderson is one of the ‘exemplars’ of faith-work integration in a new study by Barna Group called Christians at Work in the US context. The first report in a multi-year initiative came out in the last 12 months. It is based on in-depth interviews with 33 ‘exemplars’ — practitioners and thought-leaders — which helped frame the quantitative survey of 1,459 self-identified US Christians; and was followed up with 424 US Protestant senior pastors.

One of the key areas of the study is looking at how people integrate their faith and work.

Barna scored and group individuals according to their response to the following four statements:

1.     “I can clearly see how the work that I am doing is serving God or a higher purpose.”

2.      “I find purpose and meaning in the work I do.”

3.      “I am looking to make a difference in the world.”

4.     “As a Christian, I believe it is important to help mould the culture of my workplace.”

Christians who agree strongly with these attitudes are referred to by Barna as Integrators of faith and work. In the middle are Onlookers, with whom these ideas moderately resonate. At the opposite end of the spectrum are Compartmentalisers, who express a low level of agreement with these mindsets.

The study participants divided up according to the following breakdown:

  • Integrators: 28%

  • Onlookers: 38%

  • Compartmentalisers: 34%

Integrators tend to score strongly for the following statements:

  • I feel “made for” or called to my current work

  • My work utilises my unique strengths, talents and capabilities (% strongly agree)

  • I am very satisfied with how my work is preparing me for my future plans

  • I am very satisfied with how well my work fits my calling

  • I am very satisfied with future opportunities in my work

  • My work aligns well with my educational background (% strongly agree)

  • I am very satisfied overall with my current job

  • I find ways to use my unique strengths, talents and capabilities outside the workplace (% “very true”)

This suggests that Integrators are more satisfied in their work context; but importantly they are also thriving relationally, spiritually, and in a church context.

What does it look like? Barna’s interviews with the ‘exemplars’ give a clue as to what this might look like in our daily work:

“You can be called to be a plumber or a fisherman or a venture capitalist, as long as you live your values and faith through what you do—that’s what matters. We need more Christians
to approach their work this way and not decouple their faith from their vocation.”
—Phil Graves, senior director of corporate development for Patagonia

“It is my duty as a Christian artist raising the next generation of Christian artists to protect them from bad art, just as much as it is to protect them from bad theology. I want to make sure that I’m telling compelling stories as well as convicting stories, that I’m creating embraceable, recognisable characters who are going to make people think and they’re going to make people feel. And if I’m lucky, they’re going to shake people up a little bit.”

—Sheryl J. Anderson, television writer

I think that the way to be the best example of living out your faith in the marketplace is to do incredible quality work and create products and services that are like the top one percent. And then that gives you the right to talk, and people will listen to you. And then that leads to questions.”

—Woody Faulk, vice president of innovation & new ventures for Chick-fil-A

“To listen to people, to be an ear, and to create community—I think that’s the purpose. Hopefully, through the chair and through loving and understanding and listening to people, they would, to put it in Christian terms, ‘see Christ through me.’ And they would see that and want to experience it for their own lives .”
—David Martinez, barber shop owner

“[My work] is the Kingdom; it’s new creation. I am new creation. God is pruning and refining me to inspire, but whatever is left, my identity in Christ, is the new creation. My job is to bring that out in my art.”

—Makoto Fujimura, artist, writer

Attitudes toward faith and work: US versus Australian Christians

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Barna Group in America have put together an epic research study into Christians at Work in the US context. The first report in a multi-year initiative came out in the last 12 months. It is based on in-depth interviews with 33 ‘exemplars’ — practitioners and thought-leaders — which helped frame the quantitative survey of 1,459 self-identified US Christians; and was followed up with 424 US Protestant senior pastors.

The key findings are very interesting. I’ve listed them below with some of my comments from an Australian perspective.

1.     Most Christian workers don’t see a strict spiritual hierarchy of professions or a divide between “sacred” and “secular” jobs. Two-thirds agree on some level that it’s clear to them how their own work serves God.
Kara: Anecdotally, I see much more of a split in an Australian context. When I speak and teach I often hear the comments about how ‘new’ and ‘refreshing’ it is to hear their work talked about in a church context, let alone seeing it as connected to God’s purposes.

2.     Christian workers seek (and often find) meaningful, purposeful employment. Six in 10 believe they have God-given gifts, and one in three wants a better understanding of them.
Kara: The link between God-given gifts and applying them to work is not instinctive for Australians.

3.     ... especially if they attend church regularly. Practising faith is consistently correlated with feeling well-suited to one’s work and wanting to have an impact.
Kara: I think this is a critical point. Many Australian Christians feel (and some are explicitly told from the pulpit) that their ‘secular’ work only has value in providing money for Christian mission, and making relationships for potential Gospel-sharing. This negative messaging at church prevent them connecting their faith with their work.

4.     For faith-work Integrators, high expectations accompany high satisfaction. Barna identifies a special group for whom professional curiosity, generosity, integrity and gratification are a package deal.
Kara: In contrast, I think many Australian Christians feel guilty if they enjoy their ordinary work. I have heard this on many occasions.

5.     However, the majority of Christians could use more urgency or certainty in their vocational pursuits. 72 percent are defined as Compartmentalisers or Onlookers when it comes to their calling and career, and only 28 percent qualify as Integrators.
Kara: I’ll be writing an article specifically about these definitions, as they are useful for understanding different responses to faith and work.

6.     Christian men and women have similar experiences of calling and career—just not at the same time. While working fathers and single women thrive, working mothers and single men struggle for vocational fulfillment by comparison.
Kara: I have said previously that working mothers are a forgotten group in the Australian church culture and have the double accusation of prioritising work over children (at church), and prioritising children over work (at work). Those who are struggling are not fulfilling the gender stereotypes most pushed in church: the working father and the stay-at-home mother.

7.     The generational ends of the labour force naturally have different career needs. Millennials could use some spiritual direction to anchor their ambition, as Boomers’ attention transitions from career.
Kara: There needs to be a more nuanced conversation about these needs in a whole church context in Australia.

8.     Only half of churched adults feel their church supports them in their career. 53 percent say their church helps them understand how to live out their faith in the workplace.
Kara: the Australian National Church Life Survey has similar statistics for Australian Christians; and yet I see that SO much more could be done. I believe most Christians don’t know the equipping that they need, and might be possible, for the workplace.

9.     ... though not all groups also serve the Church in return. Job commitments are a hindrance to church involvement, especially for those who approach their work with great spiritual intention.
Kara: This is one of the big complaints I get from pastors in Australia. There needs to be an understanding of the delicate dance between the voluntary needs of church programs, and church having a missional view of people’s jobs.

10.  Pastors appear well-positioned to be vocational leaders and mentors. The majority of pastors are content in their career, mentor others and think about how their church can equip workers.
Kara: In the Australian context, pastors are most focused on discipling future church leaders and missionaries, and feel inadequate to speak into the professional experience of workers. There is a distinction made between ministry and work. They rarely know how to equip workers beyond a three-sermon series on theology of work.

The full report is available to buy here: https://shop.barna.com/collections/all-products/products/christians-at-work (note: prices in $US).

This is a quick review of the key findings from the report. In the next article I will look at the report’s distinction between Compartmentalisers, Onlookers and Integrators. Find out which faith and work grouping you fall into!

Finding purpose in daily work


I loved running a workshop on "Finding Your Purpose" with City on a Hill's Faith & Work initiative in Melbourne recently. It was fabulous to see so many young workers wanting to wrestle deeply with how faith applies to their working, how they can fulfil God's purposes, and how they can give others a taste of the kingdom.

One of the innovations from the coordinating team was to get people to write up ideas on post-it notes. Each person took an idea written by someone else as they left.

Here are some of the ideas:

  • Be more understanding toward work colleagues

  • Pray for a colleague and ask them how they are going

  • Don't be ashamed of the Gospel

  • Be more patient

  • Take time to pray for what God wants to do in your workplace

  • Find and share a strength you see in a co-worker in a generous and deep way

  • Keep your behaviour at work consistent with your faith

  • Do everything to glorify God

  • Tell someone at work about how your Jesus-loving community makes a positive impact on your working life

  • Do everything as if working for the Lord (Colossians 3:23)

  • Don't seek approval or praise, or expect it

  • Ask your staff how you can help them

  • Enjoy your work, it is God-given

  • Demonstrate the fruit of the Spirit each day at work this week (Galatians 5:22–23)

  • As you walk into work, pray that God's light shines through you in all we do

  • Don't get swept up in the mundane and detail; step back in wonder at how you are using your God-given gifts at work

  • Show patience and empathy when someone at work is angry or having a bad day

  • Continue to form and maintain fruitful relationships

  • Show care to your work colleagues by inviting them on your morning coffee run

  • Try and identify one really positive characteristic/outcome in each person within your team and celebrate this with your team and team leader

  • Find a younger person in your workplace whom you could informally mentor

  • Go the extra mile for someone so that they might see Christ in you

[Photos credit: Sharon Cheung]


Propel article: Offering our Work as Worship

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It was a delight to be asked to write a piece for Christine Caine’s Propel Sophia Newsletter. The full article can be read here.

I walked into the newsroom with a huge sense of excitement and anticipation. Ever since I had learned to read by asking my mum to sound out letters in newspaper headlines, I wanted to be a journalist. Finally, I had arrived.

It was a regional television station and I was the most junior reporter. One of the things I was passionate about was expressing my faith in my workplace, but right from the start I realised that would be difficult.

Journalism is a stressful work culture. We had to file three stories a day, while our city counterparts worked on one. Stress alleviation in the office often included swearing, crude humour, and drinking. Though I didn’t initiate any of those, I could not escape them either.

Then there was the temptation to flattery. We flattered politicians and celebrities to get interviews. We flattered ourselves with the mini-stardom of being recognised on the streets because our faces were in people’s living room each night. I worried about getting caught up in smooth-talking and mirages, and how that might compromise my integrity.

So being Christian for me in journalism meant being good, humble, hard-working, and taking every opportunity to witness. But I soon suspected God was interested in more than how I worked.

I started to ask why God had placed me there. My church had few answers that satisfied, but I sensed it had something to do with revealing truth and upholding Gospel values. 

The thought that God might be interested in the work I was doing was a revolutionary thought in my Christian circles: could it really be that God is interested both in what I am doing and who I am when I am doing it?

I reflected on his purpose for humanity: to join in relationship with God in stewarding his creation (Genesis 1:26).  His first command, after all, was to “work the earth and keep the garden” (Genesis 2:15). We had been made to work, but how could we work in a context that seemed so far from the garden? 

The clue for me came in the Hebrew word for “work” (avad) and “keep” (shamar), which are the same words for worshipping God and keeping his commandments. Our work is a means of worshipping God.

I also began to realise that I didn’t have the burden of taking God to work, though I was the only Christian there. I became aware that God was already there, doing his thing, and asking me to join in. After all, Jesus was sovereign over everything; he was Lord even of the newsroom since “all things have been created in him and through him” (Colossians 1:17)

From that time on I’ve been learning how to connect our Sunday worship with our Monday work . . . how we can workship.

Living our faith out at work


In a couple of weeks I will be inducted into a PhD program as I get serious about researching how we can better equip Christians for the workplace.

In my experience there is a variety of content offered through theological colleges, professional organisations, churches, parachurch groups and Christian higher education providers.

There are some basic distinctions in this material that cause issues for anyone wanting to genuinely integrate their faith with their work:

Internal (example: character) vs External (example: worldviews)

Sacred (example: Bible studies) vs Secular (example: ethics)

Ministry (example: evangelism) vs Work (example: calling)

Knowledge (example: biblical narrative) vs Skills (example: apologetical conversations)

Foundation (example: spiritual disciplines) vs Expression (example: church-work balance)

Being (example: theology of work) vs Doing (example: working excellently)

These binaries mean that individuals have to make the connection between the lists on the left and the lists on the right. To make the issue more difficult for the individual workplace Christian, the list on the left is always prioritised and valued more highly than the list on the right.

I am excited to begin asking workplace Christians what they would prioritise to help them in the process of integration.

Commissioned to be a light to the community

Photo by  Artem Bali  from  Pexels

Photo by Artem Bali from Pexels

When we are on holidays we like to go to a local church, situated in an industrial estate.

There are several things we enjoy about this church:

  • We are warmly welcomed by several people (and now recognised as the ‘once a year’ crowd).

  • The music and signing is whole-hearted.

  • The sermon is always Bible-based, honest, and real, and features some banter with the congregation.

  • There is barista coffee served after the service, using organic fair-trade coffee beans.

This year there was even more to like, as the pastor invited up all those who were small business owners and/or entrepreneurs from the congregation. Amongst them was a woman starting her own side-hustle from home. There was a guy who runs a building business. There was a farmer. There was a woman with her own coffee shop in town.

The pastor prayed over them and their businesses by name. He mentioned that we often separate our Sunday and Monday, but they carried the Christ-light into the world of their business.

He acknowledged the long hours of their working, and the fact that it was often hard for them to switch off from business problems.

He prayed for opportunities in their business to promote the Gospel through conversation and actions.

He prayed God would bless their businesses and enable them to be fruitful in developing relationships and providing for their families.

He commissioned them for 2019, as a year when they might experience imagination, the joy of kingdom work, and a greater awareness of God while they worked.

In his sermon he referenced Matthew 5:15–16 and Jesus’ words about being a light on the stand which might encourage people to honour God: “You know those itty-bitty lights on the Christmas tree that blink on and off, that’s not what Jesus wants us to be. He doesn’t want us to be itty-bitty, sometimes on, sometimes off. Jesus wants us to be a strong light on a hill that shines for the whole community to see.”

He pointed out that these words apply to our whole lives, not just the church gathered.

Our work as calling

Eileen Atkins as Queen Mary in Netflix The Crown, 2016

Eileen Atkins as Queen Mary in Netflix The Crown, 2016

I have been bingeing on The Crown over the holidays, and in one episode I heard some wonderful advice from Queen Mary to her grandchild, the young Queen Elisabeth II about calling:

“Monarchy is God's sacred mission to grace and dignify the earth. To give ordinary people an ideal to strive towards, an example of nobility and duty to raise them in their wretched lives. Monarchy is a calling from God. That is why you are crowned in an abbey, not a government building. Why you are anointed, not appointed. It's an archbishop that puts the crown on your head, not a minister or public servant. Which means that you are answerable to God in your duty, not the public.”

I think there are some important statements here that Queen Elisabeth clearly still follows, as she speaks about the significance of faith, most recently in the Christmas message:

"The Christmas story retains its appeal since it doesn't contain theoretical explanations for the puzzles of life," the 92-year-old monarch said. "Instead, it is about the birth of a child and the hope that birth 2,000 years ago brought to the world. Only a few acknowledged Jesus when he was born, now billions follow him."

However, rather than only monarchy being a sacred calling, I believe all our work is a sacred calling. I believe that we should all see our work as anointed, and that ultimately, we are all answerable to God for how we conduct ourselves in our ordinary working.

Colossians 3:23–24 says:

“Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord, not for human masters, since you know that you will receive an inheritance from the Lord as a reward. It is the Lord Christ you are serving.”

The significance of what Queen Mary said impacted on the way Queen Elisabeth viewed her working. If we see our ordinary work as a sacred calling, it should also impact on the way we see our working, as something bigger than us, as something separated from the petty political squabbling and selfish ambition and greed that so mars our working experiences.

I wish that we, like Queen Elisabeth, would be commissioned for our work in our local churches, as this would situate the source of our inspiration and calling in Jesus, rather than the workplace.

The Faith & Work Movement has a Problem


Well, now that I have your attention, it has quite a few problems. Read all the way to the end for some possible solutions.

First, it tends to be theologically nerdy. That is always a temptation with any spiritual topic of interest, but seems particularly ironic when it comes to something as practical as work, affecting almost every Christian. We risk ending up catering only to the intellectual elite, as a recent Christianity Today article by Jeff Haanen has warned.

Let me say that while I think over-examination of incidental theological issues is an issue, deep biblical reflection is not. And that would solve problem two, which is that where the movement is practically useful it can be very superficial. While there has been an explosion of books on faith and work in the last two decades, rarely do they move beyond Faith and Work 101: a basic theology of work and some superficial practical responses.

This is partly a mea culpa, because I have contributed two books in the space. I would contend, however, that I have sought to address some under-developed areas in the movement: spiritual formation, and biblically-thoughtful practical responses.

Third, different groups tend to stay in their own camps:

  • Theological educators have rarely worked in secular settings

  • Church leaders tend to only want to listen to fellow church leaders

  • Many excellent practitioners have eschewed theological education and been very critical of the church.

In response to these issues, there will be a Transforming Vocation Conference in Sydney next year focused on bringing together those three groups in dialogue with each other and presenting rigorous and biblically informed contributions.

However, the biggest problem that the Faith and Work Movement currently has is that it is “male, pale and stale”, a term being used to describe boardroomspolitics and of course the church generally.

This makes me mad. It makes me mad because I live in Sydney, Australia where it is increasingly difficult as a female evangelical to have the opportunity to preach, let alone be an elder or (Paul forbid!) lead a church. I am happy for the ecclesial brigade to continue to seek resolution on those troublesome texts, but surely the faith and work area is different. Here we have women who have significant corporate experience, have made deep biblical reflection on that work, and are experienced as leaders and speakers and teachers. Surely this is the arena where we should see women model what good faith–work integration looks like… but sadly, no.

In three critical areas, women are missing in action.

  1. As speakers at major faith and work events. I commend the recent Faith & Work Summit in Chicago for having a woman on stage for most of the major sessions; but she was accompanied by two men; and two men led the final session. In the workshops there were (by my rough count) 35 women and 92 men. I am sure that is a huge improvement, but we can do better. At the Karam Forum my inbox has been inundated with promotional pictures of men, and the official promotional speaker box has pictures of ten men and just two women. In the latest update, only men are mentioned.

  2. As featured in resources. Just a couple of examples here. In listings of top ten books on faith and work, women hardly feature. In a popular post from the Institute for Faith, Work & Economics, there were 2 books by women: Amy Sherman and Diane Paddison; while Gea Gort and Katherine Leary Alsdorf appeared on bookcovers as a co-authors of two other books, only their male co-authors were originally recognized on the blog. In the Economic Wisdom video resources used in curricula at Christian universities, there are just two talks by women, and 18 by men. This means that the students are going to receive teaching and modelling by men 90% of the time. In one of the best faith and work books produced this year: Work, Theological Foundations and Practical Implications, editors Keith Loftin and Trey Dimsdale commissioned contributions. All 14 were written by men. The foreword is by Mark Greene. The only work by a woman is a two-page afterword, which says it all.

  3. As leaders of Faith & Work centres. Of the significant centres of faith–work outreach around Australia and the US, all but one are led by men: Marketplace Institute (Ridley and Regent), Malyon Workplace, Princeton F&WI, TIFWE, Redeemer Center for F&W, Mockler Center, Opus: The Art of Work, The De Pree Center, the Office of Faith, Work & Economics, the Acton Institute, the Theology of Work Project. Only Amy Sherman stands out, as Director of the Sagamore Institute’s Center on Faith in Communities.

What can be done?

I recently contributed to a chapter on improving women’s participation and leadership in theological colleges in Australia. Some of the recommendations we provided at the end of that chapter could also be helpful here:

  1. Encourage female representation in all areas of resourcing.

  2. Increase the number of female role models at senior levels in organisations.

  3. Establish pathways for women including appropriate opportunities, coaching, and training.

  4. Provide focused mentoring for female researchers by male and female supervisors, providing advocacy, sponsorship, publishing, and teaching experience.

  5. Consider flexible and non-linear career paths for academics and those in work ministry who are parents of young children, and strategies to allow career continuance after a career break.

  6. Target female students in recruitment to longer coursework awards and HDR in this area.

  7. Promote connections with peers: support opportunities for female students and faculty to build collegiality through colloquia and social media.

Note: This article was published at The Green Room Blog

Eternity News publishes my blog on toxic workplaces

Photo by bruce mars from Pexels

Photo by bruce mars from Pexels

What to do when what you do is bad for you

KARA MARTIN | NOVEMBER 15TH, 2018 02:15 PM | 

I meet many people who feel their workplace is toxic. I have spent a lot of time thinking and writing about the good of work. I’ve also considered the bad – and I have an ultimatum for the toxic situations: Stay, pray and persevere as long as you can, especially if you have good support. But if you feel the battle is impacting on your soul — the deep connection with God that keeps you grounded — then leave.

I spoke at an inner-city church on the good of work. Afterwards, the minister introduced me to his daughter who was working for a prestigious management consulting company. He was concerned she was struggling in her job, and it was impacting on her faith.

There was a complete mismatch with her values and the values of the organisation.

I met Louise and she was delightful, but there was a tightness about her face which I recognised. She was someone who was holding her outer self together.

I asked her about her work. She enjoyed the work itself, but the workplace was becoming increasingly difficult.

She felt there was a complete mismatch with her values and the values of the organisation.

She was being encouraged to cut corners to save money, to over-inflate good results and cover up or minimise bad results, and to convince clients to take on additional work that they didn’t really need. Several times she had protested these directives, but been over-ruled, and now her team did not trust her.

She felt isolated, and did not feel valued for the good work that she was doing. Increasingly there was a sense that she was being squeezed out, made to feel so uncomfortable that she would have to leave.

Would God want her to stay and fight? To make a difference for the clients who hired her? Was there a way of changing the corporate culture? If she left, would that be removing Christian influence from the organisation? What about this other worker, should she stay to support him?

We talked for a while, and I shared with her my ultimatum: Stay if supported, leave if your faith is eroded.

It was at that point she told me another point of pressure in terms of her work: she didn’t want to disappoint her father who had been so excited about her getting the role.

Leaving would impact on her career, and the success he had invested in. I was able to reassure her of his concern for her, and encouraged her to speak openly with him.

Toxic versus flourishing

Workplaces can become toxic, impacting not just the ability to work, but health and wellbeing. Sometimes the toxicity can extend to clients, customers, suppliers … all those impacted by the organisation.

God’s vision for business is the flourishing of individuals who work there, and innovation in products and services that add to creation. A toxic workplace is not just a workplace routinely impacted by sin; it is a place that negatively impacts on people to such an extent that it hardly seems sustainable.

Louise was not the only one impacted by the organisation, but often our silence is mistaken for complicity. She was also not simply uncomfortable because of her Christian faith. The organisation was disingenuous in its dealings with clients as well as employees.

The occurrence of toxic workplaces is quite widespread. I know a teacher who is desperate in a school that has become toxic as a new leader has caused major divisions among staff and parents. Her job is crumbling around her, and she is finding her self-confidence being undermined.

In her case, as in Louise’s, there is a sense of being trapped. Louise felt she didn’t want to let her parents down. The teacher faces demotion if she leaves, and the possibility of being posted to a school a long way away.

Biblical advice for survival

Chapman, White and Myra have written a book Rising Above a Toxic Workplace which has some advice for surviving toxic workplaces:

  • Don’t expect people in a toxic workplace to respond “normally”. Give up your expectation of a healthy response to your good work. Instead, serve the Lord (Colossians 3:23).

  • Accept the fact that you cannot change the culture unless you are the leader.

  • Set clear boundaries regarding what you will or will not do, and stick to it. Do not lose the person you are “in Christ” (Romans 8:1), for the sake of pleasing your manager or your company.

  • Don’t accept false guilt, from those trying to blame others.

  • Don’t take it personally, remember that toxic culture is an outworking of rampant sin, not your personal responsibility. Pass the burden to Jesus (Matthew 11:28–30).

  • Have people who will affirm you, preferably who can give you clear feedback on your working, so that you can evaluate yourself with sober judgment (Romans 12:3).

Making Ethical Decisions

Christie worked for a large toy-making company in sales. She enjoyed her job which involved playing with the products to get to know them and plenty of travel.

We talked a few times about how she applied her faith to her job, and she was really challenged. She could not work out how to do her job without exaggerating the benefits of the product, and misleading outlets about what deals she had with their competitors.

She seemed very comfortable with being a Christian and, basically, lying.

Values Framework from the Bible

Michael Cafferky, author of Business Ethics in Biblical Perspective, has developed a biblically-based Values Framework for considering the decisions we might make. It can be summarised as a series of questions:

  • Is it creative and sustaining? (creation)

  • Is it the right thing to do? (holiness)

  • Does it enhance relationship? (relationship)

  • Will it lead to flourishing? (shalom)

  • Is it a just thing to do? (justice)

  • Does it have integrity? (truth)

  • Is it a wise thing to do? (wisdom)

  • Does it show compassion? (love)

  • Does it set someone free? (redemption)

If Christie applied this framework she might come up with an entirely different set of actions. Her decision to do or say anything to get a sale may have short-term benefits but long-term consequences.

It is probably not sustainable to continue lying and pretending. It is certainly not a holy thing to do, because we know the Bible explicitly forbids lying.

It does not enhance her relationship with her customers, because it is a relationship based on lies rather than trust. It will not lead to flourishing because it is a controlling situation. It is not a just thing to do, because the price that is determined is based on false premises, and differs between customers. It is not based on truth. It is not wise, because once found out, it will impact on Christie’s reputation, and the reputation of her organisation.

It does not demonstrate love, since her desire is to trick and manipulate the customer for personal gain. Finally, her behaviour actually binds her, because she is fearful of being found out, and it restricts the freedom of the customer also.

Making the best ethical decisions

When faced with a difficult ethical decision, the following steps will help ensure that you make the best decision possible:

  • Stop and think: don’t be tempted to rush a difficult ethical decision; it is better to take time and make a solid decision.

  • Determine the facts: make sure you have all the information you need.

  • Think through the Values Framework.

  • Develop options: while being conscious that you must also represent the needs of your organisation.

  • Consider consequences: trying to be creative about possible even if improbable consequences.

  • Ask questions: make sure you involve the key people making or being impacted by the decision.

  • Monitor and modify: don’t feel that you cannot change tack; too many poor decisions are made worse by people too proud to modify the decision after the event.

A wise man once told me that the final question he asked himself when making a difficult decision is: “How will I feel if that decision is portrayed as the lead story on a digital news source tomorrow morning?”

Integrity and service


Recently, I was speaking at a church and I heard a fantastic story of the cost of obedience in the workplace, and the fruit of good work.

Ross (not his real name) told me about working in the insurance industry for several years. There was tremendous pressure to make a sale, since such a large part of his salary was commission.
He had made several sales, being a very relational person, when he suddenly discovered that the information he had based the sales on was untrue. His manager justified telling lies by focusing on the importance of making sales for both the company and the salespeople.
Ross was appalled and felt guilty, such that he went back to the clients to apologise and paid them back the commission he had earned.
During his first three years he barely earned enough money to survive because he had made a vow that he would never exaggerate the benefits of a product, or sell a client something that wasn't suited to their situation.
After that time, something extraordinary happened. His clients were so impressed by his integrity and service that they started referring their friends.
Suddenly, with the sheer volume of clients that he didn't have to go looking for, Ross finally started making decent income, and winning the kudos of his manager and team.

To me, this shows that God's way of doing business is the best way of doing business. Our honesty and acts of service are the best foundation for doing good work.

Eternity News publishes my article on stress

Photo by energepic.com from Pexels

Photo by energepic.com from Pexels

5 ways to smash stress at work

Kara Martin outlines an empowered approach to doing your job well

KARA MARTIN | OCTOBER 25TH, 2018 08:48 AM | 

A couple of years ago, I taught a Masters class of students who had been asked to survey their church about the most difficult issues faced by Christians in the workplace.

Dealing with conflict and ethical challenges were prominent issues but the outstanding one was handling work stress. This was easily the most widespread issue.

They reported feeling stretched and overwhelmed by the pressures of work, and finding it difficult to find a balance.

This also is the number one issue for all workers, not just Christians, with the 2015 Stress and Wellbeing survey run by the Australian Psychological Society finding a trending increase in workplace stress and anxiety. About 45% of Australians complained of work-related stress, costing an estimated $20 billion in lost productivity.

To move from statistics to a typical real-life example, Joanne has felt lots of stress at work.

Leadership changes acutely caused this, as well as lack of consultation about her workload, and the threat of job cutbacks. In addition, there was the breakdown in some key workplace relationships.

She suffered from sleep deprivation; when she awoke, she was then distracted by her worries about work. She also had increasing stomach irritation, and occasionally felt her heart racing.

She was also often grumpy toward others at home, and sometimes used wine as self-medication to cope with the feeling of being overwhelmed.

There are some other significant steps we can take to access God’s power …

At first Joanne was angry with God for allowing her to get into such a stressful situation. However, over time she found that God’s presence was a great source of solace and comfort.

Nevertheless, she often felt depleted at church, and incapable of participating in church activities. It was something Joanne found difficult to discuss with her church friends, feeling embarrassed at her inability to cope at work.

Joanne’s story is common, but also very sad. She hesitated telling others about her struggles, out of fear of the stigma of stress as a mental illness. She waited too long to get assistance, and by then the situation was spiralling down, both at work and at home. The stress impacted on her spiritual relationship, and her capacity to serve in the church community.

A Christian approach to managing stress

Some of the most obvious steps to help deal with stress are to eat, sleep and exercise well. However, there are some other significant steps we can take to access God’s power to overcome harmful stress.

  1. Pray through the stress, even when you are not conscious of God hearing your prayers. If possible, have others who will commit to pray for (or preferably with) you.

  2. Remember that your identity, esteem and security need to be found in Christ rather than in your work. You are God’s child, made in his image, with eternal hope. Those truths cannot be impacted by what is happening at work.

  3. Keep a Sabbath, a weekly time of rest and focus on God that acts as a contrast to the stress of work. Let it be a time of preparation for the week ahead, as well as genuine gratitude to God for his mercies, his provision and his sustenance.

  4. There is much in Scripture that encourages us that we can cast our anxieties on God because he cares for us (1 Peter 5:7), and that Jesus will take our burdens on himself. Matthew 11:28–30 is beautifully paraphrased by Eugene Peterson in The Message: “Are you tired? Worn out? Burned out on religion? Come to me. Get away with me and you’ll recover your life. I’ll show you how to take a real rest. Walk with me and work with me — watch how I do it. Learn the unforced rhythms of grace. I won’t lay anything heavy or ill-fitting on you. Keep company with me and you’ll learn to live freely and lightly.”

  5. Biblical stories are also a source of encouragement, such as considering David’s confidence in God in the midst of his stress as he flees from Saul, expressed in Psalms 7, 27, 31 and 34. We also see a godly response in Jesus as he wrestles with his impending arrest, trial, death and separation from God in the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36–46), as he prays, tells God his frustrations and fears, yet submits to God’s will.

Work sometimes feels like it is too impacted by sin for us to be effective for Christ there. However, Colossians 1:16–17 reminds us that in Jesus “all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.”

Jesus is sovereign over the whole earth and every relationship, including our workplace; such that they can be places where we look to see what God is already doing, and join in with him, asking for discernment and wisdom as we seek to be Christ’s ambassadors in that place.

Our stress and ethical quandaries and conflict issues can be minimised as we practise the spiritual discipline of working for an audience of One: God, as it says in Colossians 3:23: “Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord, not for human masters.”

Podcast on Open House radio program

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I was delighted to be interviewed for Open House with Stephen O'Doherty. We ended up getting caught up in conversation, for more than 40 minutes in fact!

Open House is a talk programme that looks at news, current affairs and issues from a Christian perspective. It covers local and world events with insights not heard elsewhere, informed by a Christian worldview. As host Stephen O’Doherty puts it, Open House “looks at life through the lens of faith and points to hope”.

In this interview we covered a basic theology of work, and discussed work’s importance in our lives. We particularly focused on Ephesians 2:10, and the concept that we are God’s work of art, crafted by him to do good work.

We also looked at when work goes terribly wrong, and particularly the affect of toxic workplaces.

After the interview, a listener texted in to explain their impact as a young engineer who was able to use their influence to improve the work culture on a worksite, by enhancing trust and communication between workers and management. In that way they were able to demonstrate the peace that comes through Jesus. It was a great illustration of the kingdom influence we can have as vibrant Christians in the workplace.

You can access the interview here.

Interview for the August edition of Malyon Workplace Newsletter

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This is an interview that appeared in a new initiative from Malyon Workplace: a newsletter. There are also articles from Dave Benson and John Beckett, and some wonderful poems. You can download the full newsletter here.

What is the one thing that is absolutely crucial for the conversation about the interaction between faith and work? 

The faith and work conversation has been going for a long time. It probably wasn’t an issue for the early church, where it seems that faith was so integrated in every area of life, that some things were not drawn out and specifically referred to (for example, the definition of “labour in the Lord” in 1 Corinthians 15:58). It didn’t need to be. As Paul says in Romans 12:1–2, our whole lives are living sacrifices to God.

The Platonic idea of separation of flesh and spirit was a lie that was pervasive through society and culture, with the Church fathers arguing against Docetism, a particular form of Gnosticism, that suggested that Jesus was not fully human. It was rejected at the Council of Nicea in 325, and from the creed that emerged we affirm that:

We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father… For us and for our salvation he came down from heaven, was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary and became truly human.

However, human beings are persistent in our desire to separate spirit and flesh, and this occurred gradually during the time of Christendom, when the church ruled. Leading up to the Reformation, the church had elevated all its own activities (sacred) above worldly activities.

One of Martin Luther’s most dramatic reforms was to articulate the priesthood of all believers (we are all priests), as well as the elevation of all vocations (we all work), proclaiming that our work is not judged by what job we do or who we work for, but by the faith with which we do it.

Somehow, in the hundreds of years that have passed, we have fallen again for a shallow gospel that treats every human being as a spirit that needs to be saved for heaven, rather than a whole person living out the kingdom on earth, in anticipation of a new earth under Jesus’ reign.

I wish we had such a vision for our work in God’s plan to redeem the whole world: to promote good, hold back evil, sustain God’s creation, and rebuild every relationship: with God, with each other, and with this groaning earth.

If we could capture this vision then our churches would be energised to empower us to live out our faith in every corner and facet of our lives. There would be no Sunday–Monday divide.

We would begin to see God’s vision for our vocations. The Christian Medical and Dental Fellowship of Australia recently rebranded with the following tagline: To be transformed by Christ, transforming Healthcare. This should be our vision for our job, our vocation. How can we transform the community, the workplace, the vocation that we are in so that it better reflects the Kingdom?

Our work would no longer be seen as a necessary evil, the thing that interrupts us doing what we would prefer to be doing, the things that stops us doing God’s work in the church… Our work would be seen as the place we work with God to demonstrate what the kingdom looks like, embodying the kingdom, promoting the kingdom.

As Michael Cafferky explains in his biblically-based Values Framework, the kingdom is creative and sustaining, a place where there are holy activities, where relationships are enhanced, and people and projects flourish. It is marked by justice and truth and wisdom, and flavoured with compassion, and sets people free.

How can we work with God to bring those aspects of the kingdom to whatever context we live in, with whomever God has called us to?

After the Second World War, there was a revitalisation of the faith and work movement, motivated from within Europe where churches realised that the Holocaust was partly a result of Christians separating their ordinary work from their faith, and refusing to stand up for justice.

Now we have a renewed opportunity to see our work as an opportunity to declare that Jesus reigns over this desk, this classroom, this boardroom, this workshop, this factory, this plane or train or truck or car. And we will work always to God’s glory.

That will take shape in ways that are unique to our character, gifts, passions and agency. From small things like making every person feel welcome and valued in the workplace, to big things like excising slavery from a supply chain. From a spiritual conversation with a colleague, to an opportunity to explain what Easter is all about to a meeting of staff. From advocating on behalf of someone who is not being paid the right amount, to a CEO refusing a pay increase to show solidarity with those who are paid much less. From the daily habit of intentional prayer in the workplace, to citywide prayer meetings.

I would love the ordinary person, doing ordinary work, to see what extraordinary things God can do in and through them, as ambassadors of Christ, empowered by the Spirit.

Why a sequel?

This is why I wrote Workship, to combine two things that should never be separated: work and worship. In my first book I outlined a biblical theology of work, and some spiritual disciplines or practices for faith-filled working. I also talked a little about what wisdom for work looks like.

In Workship 2: How to Flourish at Work, which has just been launched, I go on to demonstrate what faithful working looks like when facing some of the challenges in our workplace: stress, work-life balance, gender issues, toxic workplaces, ethical decision-making. I also refer to the opportunities we have as Christians in the workplace by promoting beauty and hospitality and Jesus-shaped leadership.

In part two of the book, I discuss ways that churches can better equip the workplace Christians in their congregations.

There are specific equipping activities within church services:

  • Sermons
  • Church Services
  • Interviews with workplace Christians

Equipping activities within church communities:

  • Visiting workers in their workplaces
  • Training workplace Christians
  • Mentoring workers

Finally, equipping activities beyond the church walls:

  • Chaplaincy in the workplace
  • Church presence in the workplace

I hope that through these ideas, churches will be encouraged to follow US pastor Tom Nelson’s lead in transforming the focus of his church, and will also reap the rewards:

We are still learning and unlearning as we go, doing our best to navigate what it means to narrow the Sunday to Monday gap. But I'm encouraged when I receive an email from a CEO or a stay-at-home mum or a student or a retiree in my congregation who now see their Monday lives through the transforming lens of a biblical theology of vocation. I find increasing joy in seeing congregants embrace their paid and non-paid work as an offering to God and a contribution to the common good. Many of my parishioners have a bounce in their step and a new excitement about all of life. For them, the gospel has become coherent and more compelling. They look forward to sharing it with others in various vocational settings and spheres of influence throughout the week.
(Tom Nelson, Made to Flourish Network)

The importance of this has been brought home to me with the increasing number of invitations I have to address teaching networks, business leaders, academics and church leaders. With the hunger for more information comes the fear, “But what will God ask me to do? Will I be able to do it?”

For me, and I hope for my readers, the inspiration will come from Ephesians 2:10:

For we are God’s masterpiece. He has created us anew in Christ Jesus, so we can do the good things he planned for us long ago.

Ultimately we need to remember as Henry and Richard Blackaby have said: “Our Lord does not come to us to discover what we would like to accomplish for Him. He encounters us in order to reveal His activity and invite us to become involved in His work.”

Our work finds its meaning and purpose within the broader context of God’s work, his ongoing creative, sustaining, compassionate, just, revealing and redeeming work; as he establishes the kingdom of God on earth.

Social and ecclesiological factors in the future of work

Photo:  By  Andrew Neel  on  Unsplash

Photo: By Andrew Neel on Unsplash

Here is an article, and excerpt from Workship 2, which will be published in an upcoming issues of Zadok Magazine. Below is the beginning of the article, you can read the full piece here.

In my lifetime I have changed career seven times, held 22 jobs and now balance two part-time roles, a couple of projects and my own writing and speaking endeavours. Right now I am earning less than at any time in my working life. However, I have the flexibility that I love and am doing work that energises me, while avoiding the work that used to drain me.

I am impacted by a lack of job security, do not receive much professional development and have no career plan. What I experience now is the probable shape of the work of the future: casual insecure piecework, where I wear the cost of my development, and the risk of ill health.

During the Humanising Work seminar at Morling College in 2017, we each had the chance to share some observations about how the shape of work is changing with the rise of technology, shifting economic levers and globalisation. Following are some of my observations.[1]

A changing definition of ‘work’

Most people would define work as something you are paid to do. Such a definition is very limiting. It excludes the work that is essential for the functioning of our society but that remains largely unremunerated, such as care of children and the elderly, the voluntary work done through charities and churches and sporting clubs, and the earth care work of gardening.

In the Bible we do not see such a limiting definition. Work is that which you do with purposeful intent, paid or unpaid, seen or unseen. God is interested in all work including work that might not be valued economically, including prayer, character formation and worship in everyday life.

As we look to a future where forecasters anticipate that there will not be enough paid work to go around[2] , there is a move to decouple work from the payment received. At one extreme is the concept of the universal basic income (UBI): an amount paid to everyone to cover basic needs of food, clothing and shelter, regardless of the person’s employment.

It is an idea promoted by leaders in Silicon Valley, the source of much of the technology that is anticipated to displace almost 50% of the current jobs. It was popularised recently in a Harvard University commencement speech by Facebook Founder Mark Zuckerberg who said: ‘We should have a society that measures progress not just by economic metrics like GDP, but by how many of us have a role we find meaningful…. We should explore ideas like universal basic income, to make sure that everyone has a cushion to try new ideas.’ [3]

The change of definition of work is welcome, although there are many critics of the UBI who see its potential to create a culture of laziness and entitlement, and stifle innovation and productivity. Indeed, the Bible recommends that we should all work, that work is good for personal health and the functioning of community, and that it is good to reward work (not necessarily financially).[4]

The impact on those who are vulnerable

It is reasonable to assume that the hardship anticipated as a result of the technological revolution will have a proportionally larger impact on those most vulnerable to economic and labour force changes: the disabled, older workers, youth and women[5] .

A June 2015 report by the Committee for Economic Development of Australia, called Australia’s Future Workforce? summarises the technological advances and their impact:

Computers will reshape the labour market in two key ways. They will:

1. Directly substitute for labour, with a high probability that as much as 40% of the jobs in Australia could be replaced by computers within a decade or two; and

2. Disrupt the way work is conducted, expanding competition and reducing the costs to consumers but also reducing the income of workers.

In The impact of emerging technologies in the workforce of the future, Telstra Chief Scientist Professor Hugh Bradlow describes how a range of existing technologies, such as cloud services, Big Data, the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and robotics are rapidly reaching the point where they will have widespread impact on the economy.[6]

Already there has been what has been described as a feminisation of poverty. Social and economic factors such as the lack of superannuation/pensions and asset accumulation due to gender inequality unfairly impact on women, further disadvantaged having taken significant time out of the workforce due to caring responsibilities and/or long term casual or unstable employment.

In Australia, almost 45% of women reported that their quality of life worsened after retirement.[7]

It seems that changes in technological advancement are widening the gap between those who can adapt and those who struggle already.

Workship 2 Melbourne book launch speech by Dr Rosemary Wong

Rosemary Wong launching  Workship 2  in Melbourne

Rosemary Wong launching Workship 2 in Melbourne


I recall vividly the first time I had occasion to talk about Workship 2 in conversation – in fact, the book was just being printed at the time. Mathis and I were visiting a downtown church in Vancouver this past March. We found ourselves sitting in front of Caroline and Jeff who were likewise visiting just for that weekend, from Seattle. We soon discovered that we both knew Kara as they had lived in Sydney ten years ago. It was an incredible God-moment! I excitedly shared that Kara had just written her second book on faith-work integration - to which she confided that actually they had just had a most difficult week because Jeff had been made redundant after 17 years working at the same place. Personally, I have to confess that I do not have much experience interacting with Christians who have lost their jobs, so I was lost for words. So I was thankful to be able to point them to this wonderful resource, Workship2 in which Kara had written on this challenging issue. She writes 4 lessons, out of her own recent painful time of unemployment – first, that we are never without work; second, that God wants us to separate our identity from our work; third, that God wants us to receive our self-esteem from His love; and fourth, that God wants us to look to him for our security. Kara also affirms in her book the importance of the church community during these difficult times. Indeed, Caroline and Jeff, despite their bad week, came to church – and they were powerfully reminded that if God could bring two random couples from around the world together who both knew Kara, then this God could do the impossible for their tough situation.

Not only is there a chapter on unemployment, but there are chapters on other common workplace challenges- work-life balance, handling bullying and conflict, toxic workplaces, ambition, ethical decision making and dealing with stress. I have been a member of the Christian Medical and Dental Fellowship (Vic) (CMDFA(Vic)) for many years. This is a national, and international association of Christian doctors and dentists that seeks to equip us to integrate faith, work and life. Last year, I conducted a mini-survey of our membership to better understand the issues that most concerned them. Well, it is no surprise that the list completely overlaps with the very issues that Kara writes about in Workship2. Work-life balance was the top hit, and here Kara reminds us to consider the Biblical view of rest and play, to know what is important to God and to be good stewards of our time, talent and treasure. She concludes that chapter with another of what has become her signature beautiful prayers, ‘To the God of rest, Grant us such balanced lives that there is time for you, and time for others, and time for renewing our heart, mind, body and spirit’.

Another item of struggle identified by CMDFA members was ambition. We don’t know what to do with this very real urge and drive, and we are preached at that ambition has no place in a good Christian’s life! It was wonderfully refreshing to read Kara’s corrective as she introduces the concepts of ‘non-selfish ambition’, and actually – the ‘gift of ambition’!

Last year one of our Life Group members went through one of the most difficult times of her life, when she and several colleagues were persistent targets of bullying by their boss at a major Australian hospital. My friend and her colleagues eventually left the hospital. As I read Kara’s chapters on bullying and toxic workplaces, and reflected again on my friend’s experience, I resonated with the wisdom of what Kara has written when she says, ‘stay, pray, persevere… but when it becomes toxic for your soul, leave’. I know that these chapters will be an incredible resource for all who unfortunately find themselves in similar troubling places, and sadly it isn’t as uncommon as we might think.

As I continued to read Kara’s book, I realised that actually, it did not take long for me to identify people from within my own circle who had been impacted by broken workplaces! A former fellow Ridley student returned to working in a bank after her MDiv. She was shocked that she was expected to gloss over the credit ratings of potential overseas home loan applicants. Her performance was pegged to the volume of borrowings she could pull in. She rightly felt terribly conflicted, and decided she had to leave. On Page 33 in concluding the chapter on Ethical-decision making, Kara writes, ‘A wise man once told me that the final question he asked himself when making a difficult decision is: ’How will I feel if that decision is portrayed as the lead story on a digital news source tomorrow morning?’ Well we now know that the Royal Commission findings into the banks’ bad behavior have been nothing short of damning! It is not only street-wise wisdom we find in Kara’s book, but always there is biblically-informed wisdom, and prayers of refreshing honesty.

From dealing with issues that ruffle the soul in the workplace, Kara also reminds us that wherever possible, we have the responsibility as image bearers of God to seek to redeem our workplaces. I loved her ideas of hospitality and beauty in the workplace. She tells us real stories of CMDFA students blessing their fellow students with hot cross buns at Easter time, or the worker who show-cased her tea-cups and tea in her office and invited co-workers into a shared moment…It gave language to my own practices of buying coffee for my team when I am on ward service at the hospital, or placing lovely paintings or Ken Duncan books in my medical practice. The number of times these have been conversation starters with my patients has been wonderful – in that moment, I feel as if I have opened a window to get to know them better, or that I have opened a door to take them outside of their medical complaint. But always, Kara brings us back to ‘Jesus the “irresistible leader”’, form in us Lord, ‘Jesus-shaped leadership’ with the qualities of humility and servanthood, ‘help us to glorify you, and not ourselves, in every part of our leading’.

I feel as if we have received in Workship 2, two books for the price of one! Section 2 offers an extravagant array of invaluable resources for churches, leaders and those who train church leaders to equip workplace Christians. There is a plethora of ideas to use within church services, within church communities and beyond the church walls. As I read this section, I could hear again strong echoes of my late father, who repeatedly taught me as I was growing up, that our mission is beyond the four walls of the church, that we can reach people the pastor will never come into contact with. Long before work-theology became a category, my father had modelled its essence for me. And so I lapped up every bit of section 2, like dry land when the rains have finally come, basking in the flowering of a concept I had lived through and longed that it might come to fruition.

I attended a Melbourne church for decades. They held an Annual Missions’ Conventions – they still do – fabulous events, but I wilted, and was somehow made to feel not very spiritual when I didn’t go forward at the call to give my whole life to full time overseas missionary service. Then in 1997 at a service at National Presbyterian Church Washington DC, it was to be my last Sunday after completing 5 years of work, and preparing to return to Melbourne. The Pastor introduced a new ministry of Nurses in the Church, and then invited all healthcare professionals to stand to be commissioned for their work. I had never encountered anything like this before and it was for me, a very deeply moving experience – in fact, I have kept the church bulletin from that Sunday, the memory of which will forever be etched in my brain.

If you are a pastor or church worker, read Kara’s book to bless your people as they seek the affirmation and encouragement they are waiting to hear from you that what they do in their places of work during the week matters greatly to God. Read Kara’s book for the brilliant ideas she offers on sermons, on how to run church services with workplace themes, how to run interviews with workers in your congregations, how to commission them, how to visit them in their workplaces just as Jesus did, and how to bring your pastor to work. There are also incredibly rich resources on mentoring workers, and chaplaincy in the workplace. We think that chaplains are special people – yes they are – but in a very real sense, every Christian worker is an ‘informal chaplain’ offering hospitality, care and counsel within the workplace! We may smile at how churches want only what they can get from businesses, like the 10% off coffee for their parishioners, but we are challenged by Kara’s writing on how the church can not only be the presence of Christ in the workplace, but ‘the servant of the community’.

As if all this was not sufficient meat for this volume, Kara tackles two new areas – women at work, and the future of work. Every time the Proverbs 31 woman is brought up, I cringe, and so I was pleasantly encouraged by Kara’s reflections around the Proverbs 31 woman. She tells how God calls women to multiple roles – ‘from a position of strength, and not compulsion, and never from exhaustion, weakness or desperation’. And what of the speculations on the future of work - Robotics, artificial intelligence, insecure project-based work, distance-work? Kara draws us back in her prayer that always, through change and despite change, we will work to protect the vulnerable, and the voiceless, to love mercy, act justly and walk humbly.

There is so much in Workship 2 that is biblical, wise, practical, rich and beautiful. Kara has planted stories of real people in all the right places, she has gathered the pearls from Beuchner to Henri Nouwen to Stevens & Banks to Mark Greene so we don’t need to go dredging. She has cleverly peppered her work with scriptural references from The Message, such as the antidote to stress she quotes Matt 11:28-30, as Jesus bids us ‘learn the unforced rhythms of grace’.

Workship 2 is for all of us. Workship 2 has the feel of a good friend with whom you want to sit, in a quiet space in your favourite chair, with a cuppa and there listen deeply to what Jesus would say to you through this book. You will keep coming back to this book. You can use it for your own personal devotions, or in a group study. I had opportunity to show a paragraph of this book to a pastor, who responded by saying that actually, his theology of work is under-developed and perhaps this would be a good time to run a sermon series on ‘Oh God it’s Monday!’ He asked that I pick up both volumes for him.  It is a joy and privilege for me to launch Workship 2, a hand-in-glove volume to Workship 1, and I warmly commend them both to you.

Christmas is not all that far away! Don’t just buy a copy for yourself. You won’t regret picking up multiple copies tonight because it is such a perfect present, whether for yourself, your friends, your library or your pastoral team! Kara, I can’t wait for Workship 3! All glory be to God!

Rosemary Wong

Consultant Endocrinologist, Chair of Melbourne School of Theology, Vice-Chair of Eastern College Australia, Chair Christian Medical and Dental Fellowship of Australia (Vic)

Seven ways churches can equip the workers in their congregations


On any given Sunday, the vast majority of people sitting in the pews will be spending the majority of their week working: whether in paid work, study, volunteering in the community, and/or caring roles.

On a Sunday, how can churches better equip people for the variety of workplaces they will be in on Monday?

In my second book, Workship 2: How to Flourish at Work, I suggest there are seven things that churches can do:

1.     Ensure your sermons have application for people’s work. Sometimes it is a long time since the preacher did ordinary work, but there are some simple things to do, such as becoming more familiar with the workplace by visiting them, or by reading business websites. Another simple idea is to workshop your sermon with a mixed group from the congregation to examine what the Bible passage or topic means within their context.

2.     Ensure your planning of the service acknowledges the contexts people will find themselves in on Monday. This can be done through careful choice of songs and hymns, prayers, benediction. The sending out can be particularly powerful. One time I was at a church where at the end of the service, the pastor invited everyone to face the nearest exit from the church. On the service sheet we read together a benediction, encouraging us to be Jesus’ eyes, hands and feet wherever he placed us that week, and seeking to glorify him in everything we thought and did. It helped us refocus from inside the church, to working with God outside of church, in whatever context he has placed us.

3.     Interviews with workers. There is nothing more powerful in terms of affirmation and shaping behaviour for a church than to interview people during a service about the different work they do during the week, and how they seek to honour God through that work. I was preaching at a church where they invited up a woman who kept saying she didn’t deserve to be up front. She described a beautiful ministry of caring, including looking after her grandchildren, and cooking meals for those in need, and being available for those struggling in the wider community. As a congregation member, I was encouraged and motivated by her example.

4.     Visiting the workplace. While interviews encourage the whole church, visiting the workplace has a powerful impact on individuals. Visiting has a number of benefits: it validates the work of the individual, it increases the confidence of pastors in addressing faith–work issues, it provides opportunity to gather sermon illustrations, it is good preparation for interviews, and it helps pastors to work out training needs for congregation members.

5.     Providing training for workplace Christians. Recently a friend of mine was invited by his workplace to explain at a staff meeting the meaning of Easter. It was part of a move by that organisation to celebrate the major holidays of all religions. My friend realised that he needed help to develop a Gospel explanation that was contextualised for his workplace. Useful topics to provide training in include: a biblical foundation for work, spiritual disciplines for workplace formation, work and cultural renewal, gospel in a work context and tackling ethical issues.

6.     Mentoring workers. I know that my journey in integrating my faith into all my working has been a lifetime project. I also know that many young workers are keen to learn from my experience. I currently mentor more than 24 young women. Churches are places where mentoring could take place more effectively: there is a range of occupations and a range of generations. When Jesus commanded us to make disciples, he was encouraging us to share our lives with others to shape faith expression in every area. We just need to provide some training and invite people to take part in the program.

7.     Chaplaincy for the workplace. I am increasingly hearing of church staff taking on chaplaincy roles in a variety of workplaces: schools, emergency services, prisons and sports groups. This is a significant way of serving the community and bring compassionate truth and a ministry of presence to difficult places. There is also the possibility of helping congregation members to see themselves as informal chaplains in the workplace: looking for opportunities to care, encourage, counsel, walk alongside and advocating against injustice in the workplace.

There is so much churches can do to teach, prepare and empower their congregations to be better ambassadors for Christ in the various places where God has placed the church scattered.


Kara Martin is the author of Workship: How to use your work to worship God, and Workship 2: How to flourish at work. She is also Project Leader with Seed, and lecturer with Mary Andrews College. Kara has a particular passion for integrating our Christian faith and work, as well as helping churches connect with the workers in their congregations.

Workship 2 will be launched on 2nd of June

Here is an actual copy of  Workship 2: How to Flourish at Work

Here is an actual copy of Workship 2: How to Flourish at Work

On Saturday 2nd June I will be in Singapore launching the second volume of Workship 2. 

I often describe writing a book as the process of giving birth. I find the writing lots of fun, and in some ways that is the easy part. The gestation is the long process of checking and monitoring with the editor (midwife) and the publisher (gynaecologist).

Naming can be tricky. It is hard to please everyone. In this case I wanted to keep the family name (Workship).

Although there is often a lot of focus on the birth, in fact it is after that when all the fun begins! There is literally a village required to raise the child. There are distributors, those who endorsed the book, the faith and work community, reviewers, media outlets, and those passionate to get the message out.

Most importantly, this book needs friends: individual readers who will see the potential and work with Workship 2 to live out the message. The book also needs mentors: church leaders who help the message to bear fruit in their communities.

I guess this book launch is like a baptism. I will be teaching at Wesley Methodist church in Singapore, virtually making promises on behalf of the book. I am grateful to Patrick Chua for his support. Here are the details of the Grace at Work Marketplace Seminars.

Seminar 1: Our Work as Worship
(8.30am–12.30pm, suitable for workplace Christians)

In this seminar we will look at the challenges and possibilities of worshipping God through our work. How significant is our work in God's kingdom? How can we identify as Christians in the workplace? How can we stay focused on God in our daily work?

Seminar 2: Our Calling to Work
(1.30–4.30pm, suitable for campus students and young adults)

In this seminar we will look at the place of ordinary work in God's purposes. Is our work meaningful? How can we make a difference in our workplace? What are the challenges in the transition from being a student to the workforce?

Find out more here

I am grateful to the team at Graceworks who have made this possible including Bernice, Charmain, Soo Inn, Chloe and Priscilla.

May God use this book to empower Christians in the workplace, and to enable churches to equip their workplace Christians.